Aphids (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on Plum and Cherry Plum in Bulgaria
Aphids (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on Plum and Cherry Plum in BulgariaPDF
Authors: Pavlin Vasilev, Radoslav Andreev and Hristina Kutinkova
Volume/Issue: Volume 23: Issue 1
Published online: 26 May 2020
The species complex and infestations of aphids on plum (Prunus persica) and cherry plum (Prunus cerasifera) in Bulgaria were investigated during the period 2013–2018. Nine species from the family Aphididae were found: Brachycaudus helichrysi Kaltenbach (leaf-curling plum aphid), Hyalopterus pruni Geoffroy (mealy plum aphid), Phorodon humuli Schrank (hop aphid), Brachycaudus prunicola Kaltenbach (brown plum aphid), Brachycaudus cardui Linnaeus (thistle aphid), Brachycaudus persicae Passerini (black peach aphid), Rhopalosiphum nymphaeae Linnaeus (waterlily aphid), Aphis spiraecola Patch (spiraea aphid) and Pterochloroides persicae Cholodkovsky (peach trunk aphid). The dominant species on plum are Hyalopterus pruni and Brachycaudus helichrysi. The first species is more widespread and of significantly higher density. The dominant species on cherry plum are Phorodon humuli and B. helichrysi. The species Brachycaudus prunicola is widespread both on plum and cherry plum in Bulgaria. It was found only on twigs, and therefore cannot be considered as a dangerous pest on fruit-bearing plum trees. The other species, some of them described as dangerous pests on plum, are today fairly rare and occur in low density, thus posing no danger to orchards.
Keywords: Brachycaudus, Hyalopterus, Phorodon, Rhopalosiphum, Pterochloroides, Aphis
AGROSTATISTICS. 2016. Production of fruits – harvest ´2015. Ministry of Agriculture and Food, Sofia. Annual report.
ANDREEV, R. – VASILEV, P. 2017. Aphids (Hemiptera: Aphididae) оn peach trees in Bulgaria. In Agricultural Sciences, vol. 9, 2017, no. 22, pp. 29–36.
BLACKMAN, R. L. – V. F. EASTOP. 2004. Aphids on the World‘s Crops. An Identification and Information Guide. Chichester, UK : John Wiley, 2004.
GRIGOROV, S. – TASHEV, D. – P. GRIGOROV. 2004. Aphids (Aphidoidea, Homoptera) from Bulgaria and their control. Plovdiv : Academic print at Agricultural University, 2004.
LECLANT, F. 2000. Les Pucerons des plantes cultivees clefs d’identificatin. III – Cultures fruitieres. INRA, Paris, France, 2000.
LECHEVA, I. – PETROV, P. – NAKOVA, M. et al. 2006. Good plant protection practices on stone fruits. Sofia : National Services of Plant Protection, 2006.
MARTIN, J.H. 1983. The identification of common aphid pests of tropical agriculture. In Tropical Pest. Management, 1983, no. 29, pp. 395–411.
MIKHAILOVA, P. – STRAKA,F. – APOSTOLOV, I. 1982. Plant-protection prognosis and signalization. Sofia : Zemizdat, 1982.
SHAPOSHNIKOV, G. 1964. Suborder Aphidodea – Aphids. from Insect identification guide of European part of SSSR. Moscow – Leningrad : Publishing House “Science“, 1964, pp. 489–616.