Quality Parameters of Kiwiberries Grown in the Czech Republic
Quality Parameters of Kiwiberries Grown in the Czech RepublicPDF
Authors: Miroslav Horák
Volume/Issue: Volume 23: Issue 1
Published online: 26 May 2020
The present study evaluated the quality of kiwiberries produced in the territory of the Czech Republic in 2018 and 2019. Actinidia arguta is a very hardy and flexible species which can produce fully ripe fruits even in the setting of moderate climatic zones unlike commercially available A. chinensis as a variety which needs a longer season with higher temperatures to become fully ripe. Once harvested, the fruit was studied for soluble solids content, titratable acidity, antioxidant activity and the content of malic, citric and ascorbic acids. Unlike commercially available kiwifruits, kiwiberries lack hair and can be consumed unpeeled. The results of the present study confirmed the notable potential of kiwiberries consisting namely in the levels of antioxidants present in the skin of the fruit. Kiwiberry fruits feature a higher level of acidity than is common in conventional commercial varieties of A. chinensis as citric acid is the type of acid prevailing in the fruit at all times.
Keywords: kiwiberry, skin, antioxidant activity, Actinidia arguta
AN, X. – LEE, S.G. – KANG, H. – HEO, H.J. – CHO, Y.S. – DO, K. 2016. Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of various cultivars of kiwi berry (Actinidia arguta) on lipopolysaccharide-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. In J. Microbiol. Biotechnol., vol. 26, 2016, no. 8, pp. 1367–1374.
BOYES, S. – STRÜBI, P. – MARSH, H. 1996. Sugar and organic acid analysis of Actinidia arguta and rootstock-scion combinations of Actinidia arguta Lebensm. In Wiss.Technol., vol. 30, 1996, pp. 390–397.
CESONIENE, L. – DAUBARAS, R. – VISKELIS, P. 2004. Biochemical composition of berries of some kolomicta kiwi (Actinidia kolomicta) cultivars and detection of harvest maturity. In Acta Hortic, vol. 663, 2004, pp. 305–308.
DAWES, H.M. – KEENE, J.B. 1999. Phenolic composition of kiwifruit juice. In J. Agric. Food Chem., vol. 47, 1999, pp. 2398–2403.
DEBERSAQUES, F. – MEKERS, O. – DECORTE, J. – VAN LABEKE, M.C. – SCHOEDL-HUMMEL, K. – LATOCHA, P. 2015. Challenges faced by commercial kiwiberry (Actinidia arguta Planch.) production. In Acta Hortic., vol. 1096, 2015, pp. 435–442. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2015.1096.52
DRZEWIECKI, J. – LATOCHA, P. – LEONTOWICZ, H. – LEONTOWICZ, M. – PARK, Y.S. – NAJMAN, K. – WEISZ, M. – EZRA, A. – GORINSTEIN, S. 2016. Analytical methods applied to characterization of Actinidia arguta, Actinidia deliciosa, and Actinidia eriantha kiwi fruit cultivars. In Food Anal. Method, vol. 9, 2016, pp.1353–1366.
FERGUSON, A.R. – FERGUSON, L.R. 2003. Are kiwifruit really good for you. In Acta Horit. vol. 610, 2003, pp.132–138.
FERGUSON, A.R. – TESTOLIN, R. – HUANG, A.H. 2016. The kiwifruit genome. Botanical description (Eds.), Series Title: Compendium of Plant Genomes, Publisher : Springer, 2016, pp. 1–14. ISBN 978-3-319-32272-8.
KRUPA, T. – LATOCHA, P. – LIWIN´SKA, A. 2011. Changes of physicochemical quality, phenolics and vitamin C content in hardy kiwifruit (Actinidia arguta and its hybrid) during storage. In Scientia Horticulturae, vol. 130, 2011, pp. 410–417.
LATOCHA, P. – WOŁOSIAK, R. – WOROBIEJ, E. – KRUPA, T. 2013. Clonal differences in antioxidant activity and bioactive constituents of hardy kiwifruit (Actinidia arguta) and its year-to-year variability. In J. Sci. Food Agric., vol. 93, 2013, pp. 1412–1419.
LATOCHA, P. – ŁATA, B. – STASIAK A. 2015. Phenolics, ascorbate and the antioxidant potential of kiwiberry vs. common kiwifruit: The effect of cultivar and tissue type. In J. Funct. Foods, vol. 19, 2015, pp. 155–163. doi:10.1016/j.jff.2015.09.024
LATOCHA, P. 2017. The nutritional and health benefits of kiwiberry (Actinidia arguta) – a review. In Plant Foods Hum. Nutr., vol. 72, pp. 325–334.
LATOCHA, P. – VEREECKE, D. – DEBERSAQUES, F. 2018. Kiwiberry commercial production – what stage are we at? In Acta Hortic., vol. 1218, 2018, pp. 559–564. DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2018.1218.76
LEONTOWICZ, H. – LEONTOWICZ, M. – LATOCHA, P. – JESION, – PARK, Y.S. – KATRICH, E. – BARASCH, D. – NEMIROVSKI, A. – GORINSTEIN, S. 2016. Bioactivity and nutritional properties of hardy kiwi fruit Actinidia arguta in comparison with Actinidia deliciosa ‘‘Hayward’’ and Actinidia eriantha ‘Bidan’. In Food Chem., vol. 196, 2016, pp. 281–291.
LIM, T.K. 2012. Actinidia arguta. In Edible Medicinal and Non-Medicinal Plants, Fruits (Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer), 2012, pp. 5–11.
NISHIYAMA, I. – YAMASHITA, Y. – YAMANAKA, M. – SHIMOHASHI, A. – FUKUDA T. – OOTA, T. 2004. Varietal difference in vitamin C content in the fruit of kiwifruit and other Actinidia species. In J. Agric. Food Chem., vol. 52, 2004, pp. 5472–5475.
NISHIYAMA, I. – FUKUDA, T. – OOTA, T. 2005. Genotypic differences in chlorophyll, lutein, and β-carotene contents in the fruits of Actinidia species. J. Agric. Food Chem., vol. 53, 2005, pp. 6403–6407.
RUSH, E. – FERGUSON, L.R. – CUMIN, M. – THAKUR, V. – KARUNASINGHE, N. – PLANK, L. 2006. Kiwifruit consumption reduces DNA fragility: a randomized controlled pilot study in volunteers. In Nutr. Res., vol. 26, 2006, pp. 197–201.
WHITE, A. – NIHAL DE SILVA, H. – REQUEJO TAPIA, C. – HARKER, F. R. 2005. Evaluation of softening characteristics of fruit from 14 species of Actinidia. In Postharvest Biology and Technology, vol. 35, 2005, pp. 143–151.
WOJDYŁO, A. – NOWICKA, P. – OSZMIAŃSKI, J. – GOLIS, T. 2017. Phytochemical compounds and biological effects of Actinidia fruits. In J. Funct. Foods. vol. 30, 2017, pp. 194–202. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jff.2017.01.018
ZAOUAY, F. – MENA, P. – GARCIA VIGUERA, C. – MARS, M. 2012. Antioxidant activity and physico-chemical properties of Tunisian grown pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) cultivars. In Industrial Crops and Products, vol. 40, 2012, pp. 81–89.
ZHOU-LI, Z. – PING MAN, Y. – YAN LAN, X. – CHANG, W.Y. 2013. Ploidy and phenotype variation of a natural Actinidia arguta population in the east of Daba Mountain located in a region of Shaanxi. In Scientia Horticulturae, vol. 161, 2013, pp. 259–265. ISSN 0304-4238.