Green Infrastructure Implementation Programmes at National Level: Case Study “National Project – Support of Biodiversity with Green Infrastructure Elements in Municipalities of Slovakia”
Green Infrastructure Implementation Programmes at National Level: Case Study “National Project – Support of Biodiversity with Green Infrastructure Elements in Municipalities of Slovakia”PDF
Authors: Denisa Halajová and Peter Halaj
Volume/Issue: Volume 23: Issue 2
Published online: 18 Nov 2020
EU-wide strategy promotes the deployment of green infrastructure across Europe. Integrating green infrastructure in spatial planning, policy and strategy development at regional/national levels is the task of each EU member state. The aim of this article is to give an example and evaluate one of the ongoing projects at national level, namely National project – Support of Biodiversity with Green Infrastructure Elements in Municipalities of Slovakia “Green municipalities of Slovakia“. The aim of the national project is to implement green infrastructure at local level through vegetation elements in order to maintain and restore biodiversity and ecosystems outside of protected areas Natura 2000. The programme supporting tree planting in rural municipalities is an important tool for the creation of basic elements of green infrastructure throughout Slovakia. As part of the national program, an implementation plan for 6 municipalities in Slovakia in 2020 is proposed. Subsequently, the implementation projects in terms of the use of vegetation in different categories of green spaces, types of vegetation, representation of tree species, including costs and benefits, are proposed. Based on the results, the potential and limits of the programme and specific suggestions for its further use are set. In 6 municipalities, a total of 17 suitable localities were selected for the project, which is an average of 2.83 localities per municipality. A total of 467 woody plants individuals were proposed, representing a total of 19 woody plants species. The total cost of planting is an average of €12,601.10 per municipality, €7,312.05 per ha of area, and €161.90 per single tree. The average number of trees per ha is 45.15 individuals and per each municipality it is 77.83 trees. In the conclusions, a potential risk of the programme regarding the subsequent maintenance of trees, which is not funded under the program, is highlighted.
Keywords: tree, biodiversity, rural municipalities, green spaces
EUROPEAN COMMISSION. 2012. The Multifunctionality of Green Infrastructure. Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/environment/nature/ecosystems/docs/Green_Infrastructure.pdf
EUROPEAN COMMISSION. 2013. Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, The European Economic and Social Comittee and the Committee of the Regions, Green Infrastructure (GI) – Enhancing Europe's Natural Capital. Retrieved from https://eur-lex.europa.eu/resource.html?uri=cellar:d41348f2-01d5-4abe-b817-4c73e6f1b2df.0014.03/DOC_1&format=PDF
FROHMMAN, E. 2020. Trees in the City – Perception and Aesthetic Expression. In Plants in Urban areas and Landscape, 2020, no. 2, pp. 3–9. https://doi.org/10.15414/PUAL/2020.3-9
NAUMANN, S. – McKENNA, D. – KAPHEGST, T. – PIETERSE, M. – RAYMET, M. 2011. Design, implementation and cost elements of Green Infrastructure projects. Final report. Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/environment/enveco/biodiversity/pdf/GI_DICE_FinalReport.pdf
SLOVAK ENVIRONMENT AGENCY. 2019. General Conditions to provide support within the national project Support of biodiversity by elements of green infrastructure in municipalities of Slovakia – Green municipalities of Slovakia. Retrieved from http://www.zeleneobce.sk/VP_012018_ZoNFP2.pdf
URBAN, P. – JASENKA, M. – KUBINSKÝ, D. – KOLEDA, P. – ŽONCOVÁ, M. – GREGOROVÁ, B. – BAČKOR, P. – ŠEMBERA, I. 2018. Methodological guide to promoting biodiversity with green infrastructure elements – Support of biodiversity by elements of green infrastructure in municipalities of Slovakia – Green municipalities of Slovakia. Retrieved from http://www.zeleneobce.sk/odborna-metodicka-prirucka-zelene-obce.pdf
TÓTH, A. – HALAJOVÁ, D. – HALAJ, P. 2015. Green Infrastructure: A Strategic Tool for Climate Change Mitigation in Urban Environments. In Ecology and Safety, 2015, no. 9, pp. 132–138.