Revitalization of (Post-) Soviet Neighbourhood with Nature-Based Solutions


Authors: Aleksandr Shchur, Nadzeya Lobikava and Volha Lobikava

Volume/Issue: Volume 23: Issue 2

Published online: 18 Nov 2020

Pages: 76–80



The neighbourhoods in the former Soviet Union were after the World War II often planned according to the self-consistent microdistrict concept similar to Clarence Perry's neighbourhood unit. Each residential district was based on the walkable community centre in the middle whereas the area itself was surrounded by arterial streets as the main transport routes with basic services. However, the recent situation of many of those neighbourhoods is rather dim – the bad condition of housing, faded public spaces and unorganised greenery systems are between the most crucial issues. The results of the research made on the case study of the Jubilejny district in the city of Mogilev, Belarus, show that population ageing is the main threat for these areas. Residents are dissatisfied with uncertain housing situation besides inappropriate parking options and lack of opportunities to spend a leisure time outside. Therefore, our proposal to the future development of the Jubilejny district includes short term improvements such as leisure activities within the public spaces or regeneration of green spaces as well as long-term designs regarding a community garden and other nature-based solutions.

Keywords: nature-based solutions, khrushchyevka, microdistrict, urban greenery



BOHN, T. M. 2008. Minsk-Musterstadt des Sozialismus: Stadtplanung und Urbanisierung in der Sowjetunion nach 1945, vol. 74. Böhlau Verlag Köln Weimar.

CHOGUILL, C. L. 2008. Developing sustainable neighbourhoods. In Habitat International, vol. 32, 2008, no. 1, pp. 41–48.

COMMUNICATION. 2015. Sixth National Communication of the Republic of Belarus. Under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Minsk (in Russian).

DEELSTRA, T. – GIRARDET, H. 2000. Urban agriculture and sustainable cities. In Bakker, N. – Dubbeling, M. – Gündel, S. – Sabel-Koshella, U. – de Zeeuw, H. 2000 Growing cities, growing food. Urban agriculture on the policy agenda. Feldafing, Germany: Zentralstelle für Ernährung und Landwirtschaft (ZEL), 2000, pp. 43–66.

GÓRNIAK, A. – COSTA, C. S. 2008. Greenkeys your city. A guide for urban green quality. Chapter 2. Dresden: GreenKeys Project, IOER Leibniz Inst. of Ecological and Regional Development, 2008.

HALIUZHYN, S. – HALIUZHYN, A. – LOBIKOVA, O. – LOBIKOVA, N. 2017. Fundamental factors of sustainable biosphere development. Vestnik Belorussko-Rossiyskogo Universiteta, vol. 2, 2017, no. 55, pp. 131–141.

HOWARD, E. 1898. To-morrow: A peaceful path to real reform. London : Swan Sonnenschein, 1898.

IUCN. 2018. Nature-based Solutions. Available online at: (24. 8. 2018).

KABISCH, N. – FRANTZESKAKI, N. – PAULEIT, S. – NAUMANN, S. – DAVIS, M. – ARTMANN, M. – HAASE, D. – KNAPP, S. – KORN, H. – STADLER, J. – ZAUNBERGER, K. – BONN, A. 2016. Nature-based solutions to climate change mitigation and adaptation in urban areas: perspectives on indicators, knowledge gaps, barriers, and opportunities for action. In Ecology and Society, vol. 21, 2016, no. 2.

LOBIKOVA, O. – LOBIKOVA, N. – HALIUZHYN, S. 2017. Obespecheniye prodovol‘stvennoy bezopasnosti kak faktor, opredelyayushchiy budushcheye tsivilizatsii. Sovremennyye problemy i tendentsii razvitiya ekonomiki i upravleniya, 2017, pp. 104–109.

MAXIM, J. 2009. Mass housing and collective experience: on the notion of microraion in Romania in the 1950s and 1960s. In The Journal of Architecture, vol. 14, 2009, no. 1, pp. 7–26.

McMICHAEL, A. J. – WOODRUFF, R. E. – HALES, S. 2006. Climate change and human health: present and future risks. In The Lancet, vol. 367, 2006, no. 9513, pp. 859–869.

PERRY, C. 1929. The Neighbourhood Unit: From the ’Regional Survey of New York and Its Environs‘. ’Neighbourhood and Community Planning‘. Routledge, vol. 7, 1929.

ZENCHANKA, S. 2016. Programmes of the Republic of Belarus on Climate Change Adaptation: Goals and Results. In Implementing Climate Change Adaptation in Cities and Communities. Cham : Springer, 2016, pp. 179–189.