Assessment of genetic variability among accessions of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L. Moench)


Authors: Richard Olayiwola, Rukayat Ayomikun Yusuf, Oyeboade Adebiyi Oyetunde, Olufemi Sunday Sosanya and Omolayo Johnson Ariyo

Volume/Issue: Volume 24: Issue 2

Published online: 02 Dec 2021

Pages: 141 - 147



Okra yields are low in West and Central Africa and factors including narrow genetic base of available germplasm have been implicated. An assessment of genetic variability among germplasm from various sources and knowledge of trait contributions to these variations is crucial to the success of okra breeding program. Eighteen okra accessions were evaluated during the 2020 cropping season in Nigeria to assess the genotypes for genetic diversity, group the accessions into clusters and identify traits that chiefly accounted for the variations among the genotypes. Data obtained were subjected to analysis of variance (ANOVA), metroglyph and principal component analyses (PCA). ANOVA revealed significant accession mean squares for majority of the measured traits. Metroglyph analysis grouped the accessions into four clusters with members of Cluster IV generally high-yielding, early-maturing and short genotypes. NGB00353 and NGB00356 that were among genotypes with high total index scores were members of Cluster IV. The first four principal components (PCs) accounted for 80% of the total observed variation. PC1 with the highest discriminatory power was loaded with days to budding, internode length, pod yield.plot−1 and the number of pods.plant−1. The variation within and between clusters could be explored in okra breeding program.

Keywords: clusters, early-maturing, high yield, okra germplasm, variations



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