Revitalization and landscape design of the park in Stari Mikanovci, Croatia; role of existing vegetation in generating new landscape solutions
Revitalization and landscape design of the park in Stari Mikanovci, Croatia; role of existing vegetation in generating new landscape solutionsPDF
Authors: Monika Kamenečki, Aneta Mudronja Pletenac, Helena Miholić, Dora Tomić Reljić, Daniel Krstonošić and Petra Pereković
Volume/Issue: Volume 25: Issue 1
Published online: 14 Jun 2022
Pages: 68 - 75
In this paper, the procedures and indicators of systematic inventorisation and analysis of the existing vegetation of urban landscapes are presented and applied. The analysis of the vitality of existing trees was performed using the Visual Tree Assessment (VTA) method on the location of Park in Stari Mikanovci, Croatia. The results of these analyses were used as a basis for the protection and care of existing vegetation, but also their implementation in the design. For this purpose, four different conceptual solutions for the park design were formed. The process of generating different concepts tried to answer the questions: whether the maximum preservation of vegetation elements is a limiting factor in the creative phase of the design process, and whether consistent preservation of vegetation elements will generate similarities of design solutions. Four conceptual solutions were developed by four different authors who were given the same project task: (a) maximum possible preservation on the basis of analysis of the determined values of existing vegetation, and (b) uniform basic residential and recreational content of the park. All other components and features of the landscape are left as variable, arbitrary and author-determined parameters. Multi-criteria descriptive analysis of the proposed design solutions showed that the existing vegetation is not a limiting factor for the typology, diversity, disposition and degree of intervention in the creative phase of the design process.
Keywords: vegetation, analysis, valorisation, landscape solution, park
Balder, H., Reuter, A. & Semmler, R. (2010). Handbuch zur Baumkontrolle. Patzer.
Beck, T. (2013). Principles of Ecological Landscape Design (1st ed). Island Press. https://doi.org/10.5822/978-1-61091-199-310.5822/978-1-61091-199-3
Colvin, B. (1990). Landscape Design with Plants (2nd ed). Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-434-90234-7.50006-910.1016/B978-0-434-90234-7.50006-9
DOE (Department of the Environment, Great Britain)(1996). Greening the city – A Guide to good practice. The Stationary Office, London.
Doick, K. J., Neilan, C., Jones,G., Allison, A., McDermott, I., Tipping, A., & Haw, R. (2018). CAVAT (Capital Asset Value for Amenity Trees): valuing amenity trees as public assets. Arboricultural Journal, 40(2), 67–91. https://doi.org/10.1080/03071375.2018.145407710.1080/03071375.2018.1454077
Dunnett, N., & Hitchmough, J. (2004). The Dynamic Landscape: Introduction to Naturalistic Planting in Urban Landscapes (1st ed). Taylor & Francis. https://doi.org/10.4324/978020340287010.4324/9780203402870
Franjić, J., & Škvorc, Ž. (2010). Šumsko drveće i grmlje Hrvatske (1st ed). Sveučilište u Zagrebu – Šumarski fakultet.
Hirschfeld. C. C. L. (2001). Theory of Garden Art. Edt. Kinda, B. Parshall. University of Pensilvania Press. Philadelphia
Kamenečki, M., Mudronja Pletenac, A., Miholić, H., Krstonošić, D., & Pereković, P. (2020). Detailed design of landscape architecture of the Park Stari Mikanovci. Mapa 1; TD BP 18/2020.
Mattheck, C., & Breloer, H. (1994). The Body Language of Trees: A Handbook for Failure Analysis, TSO, London, p. 240.
Ministry of Culture and Media. Register of Cultural Heritage of the Republic of Croatia. https://min-kulture.gov.hr/izdvojeno/kulturna-bastina/registar-kulturnih-dobara-16371/16371
Nádasy, L. Z., Sándor, G., & Illyés, Z. (2019). The Role of Individual Trees in the Protection of Urban Image. Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning, 6(1), 1–28. https://doi.org/10.7275/0x5r-e822
Nesek Ltd. (2005). Spatial plan of the Municipality of Stari Mikanovci. Available online: https://www.mikanovci.hr/download/prostorni-plan-uredenja-opcine-stari-mikanovci-travanj-2005/
Pereković, P. & Kamenečki, M. (2016). Krajobrazno oblikovanje i vegetacija u urbanim sredinama. Korak u prostor, 1(53), 56–59.
Shigo, A. (1991). Modern Arboriculture: A system Approach to the care of trees and their associates. Durham