Improving Community Health and Wellbeing Through Multi-Functional Green Infrastructure in Cities Undergoing Densification

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Authors: Bruno Marques, Jacqueline McIntosh, and Victoria Chanse

Volume/Issue: Volume 23: Issue 2

Published online: 18 Nov 2020

Pages: 101–107

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/ahr-2020-0020


Abstract

Evidence shows that maintaining a relationship with nature is essential for human health and wellbeing. This is of great importance when migration to urban areas is increasing globally and the need for nature as well as green and blue spaces as a source of recreation and relaxation is highly regarded for the health and wellbeing of local communities. Sustainable urban development and alternative design solutions to address urban compactness and densification are becoming increasingly important tools to counteract the adverse effects of urban sprawl. In the context of the highly compact bicultural capital city of Wellington, Aotearoa-New Zealand, this paper examines the effects of urban densification and compact city development in urban green spaces. It explores how architecture and landscape architecture can transform urban environments into desirable places to live and capitalise on the potentials of interstitial spaces, outdated zoning and changing land-use. To achieve that, it looks at green and blue infrastructure design solutions and opportunities that foster sustainable intensification and by offering new views for health and wellbeing that improve the social, cultural and environmental health of the city.


Keywords: green and blue infrastructure, compact cities, culture, health and wellbeing

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