Genotype – genotype × environment (GGE) biplot analysis of winged bean for grain yield


Authors: Solomon Tayo Akinyosoye, Opeyemi Adeola Agbeleye, Johnson Adedayo Adetumbi, Paul Chiedozie Ukachukwu and Oluwafemi Daniel Amusa

Volume/Issue: Volume 26: Issue 1

Published online: 23 May 2023

Pages: 53 - 63



The winged bean is an underutilized legume that is adapted to the tropics. It has good prospects as a significant multi-purposefood crop including human nutrition, cattle feed, and environmental protection. However, little research attention has beengiven to the crop to address the identified constraints, especially low yield in Nigeria. To improve its yield potential, GGE biplotanalysis was used to identify high-yielding and stable winged bean genotypes, previously collected from the continent of Asia,and Nigeria for yield improvement. Twenty winged bean genotypes were being evaluated under the rainfed condition at threelocations (Ibadan, Ile-Ife, and Kishi) for two years, comprising six environments. The obtained results showed that the seed yield(SY) ranged from 805.61 kg.ha-1 (Ibadan) to 1,096.35 kg.ha-1 (Kishi), with SY of 988.42 kg.ha-1 across the locations. The wingedbean reached its first flowering, 50% flowering, 50% podding, and 70% physiological maturity in 74, 80, 93, and 137 days afterbeing planted, respectively across the locations. The GGE biplot analysis showed that the principal component (PC) axes captured71.5% of the total variation, where PC1 and PC2 were responsible for 36.6% and 34.9%, respectively. Genotype, environment,and their interaction had a significant effect on SY. Environments IB20 and IF20 were adjudged the most ideal environments todiscriminate between the genotypes. Genotype Tpt-12 was identified as high-yielding and stable. Tpt-12 would be recommendedfor commercial farming in southwestern Nigeria. The selected high-yielding winged bean genotypes are hereby recommended aspromising parental lines for the grain yield improvement in the winged bean improvement programs.

Keywords: winged bean, GGE biplot analysis, genotype x environment interaction, agronomic traits, agro-ecologies of Nigeria



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