Urban green spaces: the role of greenery and natural elements in promoting visitors’ attachment and well-being


Authors: Albert Fekete and Mahmoud Abuhayya

Volume/Issue: Volume 26: Issue 2

Published online: 15 Nov 2023

Pages: 157 - 167

DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/ahr-2023-0020


This study examines the relationship between the presence of greenery and natural elements in urban green spaces (UGSs), and visitors‘ attachment, and well-being. Four UGSs in Gaza City were selected based on criteria that ensured representation of various types, sizes, locations, and green features. A survey instrument was designed to assess visitors‘ perceptions of greenery and natural elements, attachment to UGSs, and well-being. The survey was validated by seven experts in landscape architecture and urban planning. Results show that visitors‘ perceptions of greenery and natural elements significantly affect their place attachment, happiness, health, and motivation to visit. The provision and maintenance of greenery and natural elements in UGSs should be a priority for urban planners and policymakers to create and maintain green spaces that are beneficial for visitors‘ well-being. These findings have important implications for urban planning and design in promoting sustainable and healthy urban environments. Further research is needed to investigate the potential causal relationships between visitors‘ perceptions, and their well-being, and to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions aimed at improving these perceptions.

Keywords: urban green spaces, natural elements, greenery, visitor perception, place attachment, well-being



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